88. George Washington Carver: From Slave to Inventor

The exact birth date of the American inventor, , and scientist, George Washington Carver, is unknown. This because Carver was born into a state of , and many slave owners did not record the their slaves were born. Carver's claim to fame the development of alternative crops for southern farmers, main cash crop was cotton. Cotton farming is on the land. It depletes the soil of richness from over-farming, and leaves the farmland useless multiple uses. Carver recognized this, and began working other crops that were more soil friendly.

He extensive research, and promoted such crops as peanuts, , and sweet potatoes for small farms in an to improve the farmer's quality of life. By these crops instead of cotton, the soil would nutritious, and as an added bonus, the crops be consumed by the farmers to help sustain healthier diet.

Born in either 1864, or 1865, was one of 11 children born to his parents in Diamond, Missouri. Tragedy hit his family . All 10 of Carver's brothers and sisters died a young age. When he was just one-week , Carver, and his mother, and a sister were , and sold in Kentucky. The family was aided anti-slavery sympathizers, and the family was reunited in . Shortly after that, slavery was abolished, and Carver encouraged to continue his education. He tried enrolling a public school in Missouri, but was turned because he was black.

Even though slavery was , blacks were still discriminated against. Carver was forced attend a sub-standard school for blacks only. Carver's in education continued throughout his academic career, but did not deter him. He graduated from the Institute, and began his crop research shortly after .