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21. Abraham Lincoln: America's Greatest President
Abraham Lincoln is a name that is forever
into the collective conscience of every American. It
perhaps the most recognizable name in the history
the country even as his death occurred approximately
years ago. Lincoln presided over the country during,
is perhaps, the most divisive era in its
. Lincoln served as president for only four short
, but his impact on the country at the
, and today, has been huge.
During his presidency,
United States was in the middle of a
civil war. At the center of the split
the two sides was slavery. The north was
fast-growing, industrial region that was more progressive than
southern counterpart. The southern economy was based on
production that mostly used forced labor. The north
this practice as unethical, and immoral, while southerners
it was an integral part of their culture.
Lincoln won the election, the southern states began
secede from the Union, and the war began.
vowed to end slavery during his campaign for
, while never speaking about how the country would
its relationship with the southern states when slavery
ended. This angered many southerners who promised to
if Lincoln won. The war lasted four years,
about 620,000 soldiers died. In what is considered
turning point of the war, Lincoln issued his
Emancipation Proclamation in January 1863. This statement freed
people in the state of slavery in the
states, but had no effect on southern slaves.
it did do was gain international favor from
world because of its ethical qualities. It put
on those countries doing business with the south
review their practices. It effectively put an end
the war. Lincoln was assassinated on April 15,
by a southern sympathizer as he sat in
theater with his wife.