59. Rosa Parks and the Civil Rights Movement

Rosa Parks is a prime example of how ordinary American can change the world around her. was born in 1913, in the southern state Alabama. Parks became famous for challenging a discriminatory in the city of Montgomery, Alabama. During the , Black Americans in the south were not allowed ride in the front seats of public buses a white person needed that seat. Blacks were to get out of their seats, and go the back of the bus, which was designated "Colored Only."

On December 1, 1955, Parks refused obey the bus drivers order to surrender her to a white passenger who had boarded the . Even though Parks was seated in the Colored section, the bus was filled, and she was by law to give her seat to the rider. Parks was arrested, and charged with civil . She later said she had grown "tired of in."

Her arrest and subsequent trial made Parks national symbol for the Civil Rights Movement. Her also lead to the Montgomery Bus Boycott that a political and social protest campaign against racial . Although the boycott only lasted 21 days, it instrumental in the Supreme Court decision to declare 's practice of segregation unconstitutional.

Parks has remained a for the Civil Rights Movement even after her in 2005 at the age of 92. She been called the "First Lady of Civil Rights," the United States Congress, and "The Mother of Freedom Movement." She has been honored by the .S. Government with prestigious awards such as the Presidential of Freedom, and Congressional Gold Medal. She has honored with her own museum in Michigan, and received several other civil rights awards both before after her death.