3. The U.S. Federal Government
The United States Government is composed of three
sections. It is based on the Constitution of
United States of America that was put into
in May, 1789. The three parts of the
.S. Government are the executive, legislative and judicial branches.
branch works independently of the other two, and
has its own responsibilities. This system is in
to ensure that no branch can carry more
than the other. This is called the separation
powers, which was written into the constitution.
branch is the branch that most Americans are
with. It includes the president of the United
, the vice-president, and the cabinet. The president is
leader of the country and is the commander-in-chief
the U.S. military. The vice-president is second-in-command and
act as president if the president dies, resigns,
is removed from office. The cabinet acts as
of the U.S. President, and carry out the
they are entrusted with.
The legislative branch of
consists of the House of Representatives, and the
. Together they form the congress, which can levy
collect taxes, mint money, and establish federal courts.
can also declare war, and raise and support
army, navy, and air force to protect the
. The House of Representatives has 435 members, and
Senate consists of 100 senators, with two from
of the states. Any legislation, or new law,
be approved by both the House of Representatives
The judicial branch is entrusted to
the laws created by the legislative branch of
. It has the power to create lower courts
the Supreme Court of the United States. It
closely with state courts, although they are separate.